Located next to the East coast of Africa, the island of Zanzibar is considered one of the jewels of the Indian Ocean.
In Zanzibar, Nature and History go hand in hand. Visit the historic Stone Town, declared a Wold Heritage site by UNESCO, or sunbath in one of the many paradisiacal beaches on the island, discover the local fauna such as the red colombo monkey, dive in crystalline waters, or use the island as a base for safaris in Tanzania's spectacular nature parks. Whatever your option, we are sure that Zanzibar is the ideal place for your holidays.
Zanzibar is an autonomous state within Tanzania and is made up of two main islands, Unguja (or Zanzibar) and Pemba. Together with Mafia Island and others they form the Zanzibar archipelago.
The island of Zanzibar has attracted many civilisations such as the Assyrians, Egyptians, Phoenicians, Greek and much later, the Portuguese, Dutch and British.
They all disembarked in search of new markets, adventures and new lands to explore. The Persians traded with the Cameroon Bantu tribe and helped develop the Swahili language and culture. Zanzibar rose as a powerful trade centre, especially thanks to the spice and slave trades.
In the sixteenth century, with the arrival of the Portuguese, Zanzibar commenced its decline. In the seventeenth century Zanzibar was conquered by the Sultan of Oman, who implanted Islam as the national religion, which is still practiced by 90% of the population today.
Towards the end of the nineteenth century Zanzibar became a British protectorate and in 1968, an independent state. This was short lived, however, and one year later Zanzibar federated with Tanganyika to form the new state of Tanzania.